Dal tadka is a classic dish made with yellow lentils, spices, and a tempering of aromatics. This easy recipe is perfect for a weeknight meal, and with its rich flavor and creamy texture, it will become a satisfying dish everyone will love.
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🍲 What is dal tadka?
Dal refers to lentils. Tadka means "tempering" (infusing fat, typically oil or ghee, with spices and aromatics). This involves heating oil or ghee, adding spices like cumin seeds, dried red chili peppers, and curry leaves to infuse flavors into the oil. This flavored oil is poured on top of the completed dish. So, dal tadka or tadka dal is basically a simmered lentil base with the tempering poured on top.
Restaurant style dal tadka also often involves a 'dhungar' process (which adds a smoky note by using charcoal). However, most home recipes are quite simple, and do not need this step to pack a punch with flavors.
💭 Why you'll love this recipe
I believe in creating authentic flavors without the complexity of many "single use" ingredients. I think you'll love this recipe because:
- Simple and ready in one hour: My recipe is simple and does not use too many special ingredients. In fact, most ingredients and spices can be found at most local grocery stores or online - no need for specialty items!
- Authentic flavors: This recipe is my mother's and grandmother's exact recipe, so it's been tested over three generations, so you can trust it! The lentils are soft and creamy, and the spices add a rich and complex flavor.
- It's healthy and nutritious. Dal is a good source of protein and fiber. It is also low in fat and calories. This makes it a healthy and nutritious option for a meal.
📋 Ingredients & Notes
To make this dal tadka recipe, you'll need toor dal (also called arhar dal), tomatoes, onions, Thai green chili peppers and red chili powder. You'll need mustard seeds, cumin seeds and red chili powder for the tadka (i.e. tempering).
- Types of lentils: This recipe uses toor dal (split pigeon peas). Stock up, since it's the backbone of lentil dishes in India! You could also use masoor dal (red lentils), moong dal (split green gram) or chana dal.
- Use of peppers: I buy Thai chili, but Serrano peppers work too - make sure to chop them, and then seed them if you don't want the full spice hit. I've used dry red chilis but you can omit this if you don't have an Indian store nearby or can't purchase online
- Whole vs. ground spices: Many Indian dishes will use both the whole spices and the ground spices to enhance the overall flavor of the dish. If you don't have whole spices (e.g. cumin seeds) - skip that part and just use the ground spices. It'll still taste great! You can also add more spices like asafoetida or garam masala to enhance the flavors of the dish.
- Vegan substitutions: If you're vegan, I recommend using vegan butter as the fat to do the tempering, instead of the ghee. This will slightly alter the taste, but no reason to not enjoy the dish!
📖 Make dal tadka on stovetop
There are three steps to make the best dal tadka recipe: cook dal, make the base, and then add the tadka.
Clean and cook the lentils until they're tender
Sift through lentils to remove small particles or stones (it's unlikely you'll find any but good to make sure!). Then, measure lentils, rinse them thoroughly until the rinsed water runs mostly clear (typically, twice, but sometimes it can take a couple of tries)
Once lentils are clean, add them to a fresh pot of water. Then, close the lid and bring to a boil. If it foams, skim it off, turn down the stove to a simmer and cook until tender (30 - 45 minutes depending on type and age of lentil).
When it's done cooking, lentils should be tender. If they look too or feel too "thick", meaning it's cooked through but not fluid, add a bit of water (~¼th to ½ cup does the trick). This is also a personal preference: my mom loves her lentils to be very soft, but I like them to retain their shape a bit. Set this aside.
Make the base for dal (before the tadka)
Add oil or ghee to the same pan. Add cumin seeds to the hot oil and toast them quickly until fragrant. Fry onions and green chili peppers
You could also add garlic at the end of this stage but this is optional. Then, add the chopped tomatoes, coriander powder, and Kashmiri red chili powder. Mix the spices well and fry until soft (about 5-8 minutes). If you're vegan, you can use avocado oil in place of the ghee. Paprika works well as a substitute too.
Add cooked lentils (along with water if you think it's too "thick"). Let it cook on a simmer for 3 to 5 minutes. While the dal is cooking, make the tadka!
Tadka (i.e. tempering with spices and aromatics)
Tadka or tarka is the tempering process that is critical while making this recipe. I typically use ghee to temper since it really brings out the flavors. However, avocado oil works just as well if you're vegan. The steps are different for fresh spices vs. ground spices.
If you're using fresh spices, heat the oil or ghee first. Then, add mustard seeds, and cumin seeds and Indian dried red chili if you're using that. Then, add the red chili powder. Saute together and set aside. This is how I've made it.
If you're using ground spices, heat the oil or ghee. Then, add mustard seeds, and all ground spices together - cumin, and chili powder. Cook until this is thick and saucy. The finished product might look spicy, but it'll just add depth to the dal. You can also skip this step if you don't want to (or need to cook quickly!)
When the base is done cooking, add the tadka on top the cooked dal, and mix well. Garnish with fresh cilantro and serve hot with rice or flatbread.
📖 Instant Pot Dal Tadka Recipe
Most of the steps here are the same.
- First, rinse and clean the lentils. You also don't need to soak the lentils beforehand if you're going this route.
- Add cleaned lentils along with 2.5 cups of water to the pressure cooker or Instant Pot and cook on high to pressure cook lentils.
- With an Instant Pot, cook on high pressure for 10 minutes. Allow natural pressure release for 10 minutes, and use manual valve to release the rest.
- If you pressure cook, release after 7-8 whistles for optimal texture.
Besides pressure cooking dal, follow the same steps as the stovetop recipe.
👩🏽🍳 Tips for the best dal tadka
This homemade dal tadka is authentic, time-tested and easy. Following the tips below will help you get it right each time, whether it's your first or hundredth!
Cook time for lentils depends on type, age and method:
- Type of lentils: Moong dal takes 20 minutes, toor dal about 30 minutes, and masoor dal takes about 45 minutes (on stovetop).
- Age of lentils: Fresh lentils take ~20 - 45 minutes to cook stove-top. But the older they are, the longer they take to cook. If lentils are not soft when you're done cooking, allow them to cook a bit longer. Add boiling hot water to pot if needed, you can drain later!
- Method used: In a pressure cooker or an Instant Pot, all the lentils take roughly 8-9 minutes. With a pressure cooker, wait 3 whistles for moong dal, 5 for toor dal, and 7 for masoor dal.
Other tips for cooking lentils just right:
- Use good quality lentils. The quality of the lentils you use will make a big difference in the taste of your dal tadka. Look for lentils that are plump and have a bright color.
- Soak the lentils before cooking. Soaking the lentils before cooking will help them to cook more quickly and evenly. Soak the lentils in water for at least 30 minutes, or up to overnight. If you don't have time to soak the lentils, you can still make a delicious dal tadka. Just increase cooking time by 10-15 minutes.
- Adjust the consistency. The consistency of your dal tadka is up to you. If you like it thick, cook it for a longer period of time. If you like it thinner, add more water or broth.
Create the right flavor profile:
- Use the right spices. The spices are what give dal tadka its characteristic flavor. Be sure to use a good quality garam masala and turmeric powder. You can also add other spices to taste, such as cumin, coriander, and chili powder.
- Don't skip the tempering process! Tempering the spices is a process of cooking them in oil until they become fragrant. This adds a depth of flavor to your dal tadka.
🥣 Storage & serving suggestions
Store: You can store the dal in the fridge in an airtight container for up to 5-6 days. Reheat only the portion you want to eat, and not the whole container.
Freeze: If you want to freeze it, portion into airtight containers and pop in the freezer. When ready to eat, just thaw first for 30 minutes. Then, heat on stove top or microwave until its piping hot, and enjoy! It saves for up to 3 months!
Other hearty, healthy Indian recipes:
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Simple Indian Dal Tadka
For making lentils:
- 1 cup toor dal, split yellow pigeon peas - substitute with moong dal or masoor dal as needed
- 1 teaspoon turmeric
- 4 cups water, for stove top, use 2.5 cups for Instant Pot or pressure cooker
For making dal base:
- 1 teaspoon ghee
- 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
- 2 tomato, medium, chopped
- ½ onion, medium, chopped
- 1-2 Thai green chili pepper, Thai chili preferred, use Serrano otherwise
- ¼ teaspoon Kashmiri red chili powder
- 1 teaspoon coriander powder
- 1 teaspoon cumin powder
- 1.5 teaspoon salt
- 2 tablespoon cilantro, chopped
For the the tadka, i.e. tempering:
- 1 tablespoon ghee
- 1 teaspoon mustard seeds
- 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
- 2-3 dried Indian red chili peppers, optional
- ¼ teaspoon Kashmiri red chili powder, substitute with paprika
Make the lentils:
- Rinse and clean lentils thoroughly, a couple of times typically does the trick - soak in water for 15 mins
- Drain lentils, add water and turmeric - cover and bring to boil ( 2-3 mins)
- When water starts bubbling vigorously, reduce heat to a simmer (low to medium) for 30 minutes - if lentils feel hard, cook for 5 more minutes
- Final product should be soft, with some liquid left - if there's a ton of additional liquid, drain into a cup and save some for later (for when you make the dal base)
Make the dal base:
- 5 mins before lentils are cooked, heat ghee in a pan and add cumin seeds - toast for a minute
- Add chopped onions, green chili - saute until fragrant (~3 min)
- Add tomatoes and deglaze pan (i.e. crush tomatoes to release juices)
- Add cumin powder, coriander powder, chili powder and salt and mix well - this is the dal base and cook together for 3 to 5 minutes (paprika works here too)
- Add dal base to the lentils and let it cook, covered for 5 minutes - add up to half a cup of reserved water to get dal to your desired consistency
Make the tadka:
- While the lentils are cooking, prepare the tadka in the same pan you used for the dal base: add ghee, and let it melt
- Once ghee has melted, add mustard and cumin seeds - let it splutter
- Add dried red chili (optional) + red chili powder and mix (~30 seconds)
- Pour tadka over cooked dal, garnish with chopped cilantro and serve hot
- You'll need both a pot and a pan for this recipe - use the pan for making the dal base and the tempering
- You can use toor, moong or masoor to make dal tadka. Check the post for changes in cooking times for each of those lentils.
- If you're using a pressure cooker or an Instant Pot, total time is closer to 30 minutes. For detailed instructions, please check the post for cook times
- While tempering: if you use raw spices, add them first to the ghee or avocado oil. If you're using ground spices, add them together and cook for a short amount to prevent burning. Check out the post for detailed explanation!