I love a bowl of good ol' mac and cheese but wanted to break up the richness with a kick of spice or acid. Voila, a delightful kimchi mac and cheese, where the fermented cheese and kimchi balance each other beautifully and result in a flavor explosion.
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💭 Why you'll love this recipe
- Not your boring mac and cheese: Don't get me wrong, I love traditional mac and cheese, but sometimes you just want something with a bit more oomph!
- More nutritious: Kimchi has many known health benefits. Though heating kimchi denatures the bacteria for probiotic benefits, it still has other nutrients (e.g., beta-carotene and other antioxidant compounds) so it's more nutritious than regular mac!
- Simple, and ready in under an hour: Though this recipe has complex flavors, it's really easy to get right and can be made in just 55 minutes - makes for a perfect side dish!
📋 Ingredients & FAQs
You'll need some type of small, curvy pasta (curvier the better, since it'll soak up all the cheesiness). Then, you'll need good quality vegan kimchi, butter, cream, three types of cheese (more on that below) and some garlic powder, salt and pepper for the spices.
FAQs and Ingredient Notes
Kimchi is typically a fermented cabbage preserve that's a staple of Korean cuisine. While it's typically eaten as a condiment, I've used kimchi in many recipes (like this crispy kimchi pancake, inspired by one of my best friend's mom). Regular kimchi usually has shrimp and anchovy extract, but you can definitely find vegan kimchi!
Kimchi typically packs a good dose of acid, so picking a good bottle is really essential. I typically use vegan kimchi with a focus on Napa cabbage. I'd suggest checking out the local Asian grocery store and asking them for recommendations!
The key to most successful, rich mac and cheese recipes is to use more than one type of cheese! I have a trifecta of cheeses - gouda, sharp Cheddar and Parmesan (soft, sharp, and crumbly). You can substitute the gouda with fontina or gruyere, add in asiago to the mix, or even a soft cheese like camembert or brie if you want to change things up - just make sure to get one soft, one sharp, and one crumbly cheese!
🥘 Step-by-Step Instructions
Start by boiling the pasta
Bring about 3 quarts of water to a boil (don't forget to season with salt!) Add your pasta to the boiling water and cook until tender (per instructions on the package). Meanwhile, preheat the oven to 400F.
Make the kimchi-roux and Mornay sauce
Start by melting some butter in a skillet. Chop up kimchi finely and add this to the butter. You'll hear the sizzle because of the water in the kimchi. Sauté for about 5-6 minutes until the water in the kimchi reduces significantly.
At this point, add flour and stir well to make a roux. Then, slowly add cream or milk to the skillet along with salt, pepper and garlic powder and whisk gently to create a béchamel.
Drain the pasta and combine with the cheese sauce
Then, turn the heat to low and stir in all the gouda, and half of cheddar and parmesan to create the cheese sauce for the recipe.
Once the pasta is done cooking, drain the water (reserve a cup for later) and set aside. Let both the pasta and the cheese sauce cool for about 2-3 minutes, then mix them together. If the resulting pasta needs a bit more fluid, add the pasta water slowly and mix.
Top and broil for some delicious magic!
Remove the skillet from the heat. If you're using a cast iron skillet, you can just add the remaining cheddar and parmesan on top along with panko bread crumbs. If you're using a regular pot, transfer the mac and cheese into a oven-safe baking dish.
Pro-tip: if you have some of those mini cocottes, now's the time to bring them out.
Turn the oven to broil setting and pop the dish into the oven. Broil until the cheese on top has melted (nice golden brown, takes about 2 minutes depending on your oven and broiler settings). Your kimchi mac and cheese is ready for devouring. Watch the broiler carefully while doing this though - you don't want to burn it!
👩🏽🍳 Top tips for kimchi mac and cheese
Grate your own cheese! Store-bought shredded or grated cheese typically have agents like potato starch added to them to prevent them from clumping. This also means they won't melt as smoothly as fresh cheese. And fresh cheese always tastes so much better!
Sauté the kimchi in butter first to build the roux! To make sure you don't overpower the mac and cheese with the fermented flavors, the key is to sauté the kimchi in butter (or a high fat oil like avocado oil). Then, you add flour to that mixture to make a roux. The flavors of the kimchi are better absorbed in the dish by doing it this way.
Layer them thinly when you bake, and broil for a minute or two! This tip is inspired by Eduardo Jordan, one of my favorite Seattle chefs, and his recipe for mac and cheese. When you're ready to bake, choose a baking dish or cast iron skillet that's wide enough that you can have a thin but wide layer (i.e. no more than 1-2 noodles deep). Then, finally, finish with a quick broil to get the cheese nicely melted and absolutely delicious.
Note: This dish stays fresh in the fridge for a day or two after it's made, but I highly recommend making it fresh whenever possible. I don't recommend freezing the dish!
If you like this recipe, don't forget to check out some of my other pasta recipes:
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Kimchi Mac and Cheese
- 8 oz curly pasta, I used Cavatappi pasta, but macaroni, shells, and most short pasta works!
- ½ cup kimchi, chopped finely, juices drained - you can go up to 1 cup to enhance flavors
- 3 tablespoon butter
- 1 cup heavy cream
- 3 cups sharp cheddar, shredded
- 2 cups gouda, shredded
- 1 cup parmesan, shredded
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 2 teaspoon black pepper
- 1 teaspoon garlic powder
- ⅓ cup bread crumbs
- Bring a large pot of water to boil and cook the pasta based on the directions on the box (cook about 1 minute under direction for perfect texture)
- While the pasta cooks, heat the butter in a large skillet on medium heat - I recommend at least a 10 inch skillet. Once the butter has melted, add the kimchi to the butter and saute until the water in the kimchi reduces significantly (roughly 5-6 minutes)
- Add flour to this and whisk to create a roux. Once mixed well, add the cream, salt, pepper and garlic powder and whisk nicely to form a fluid mixture (Mornay sauce).
- By this time, the pasta should be done - drain the pasta (reserving ⅓ cup of pasta water)
- Reduce flame to a low heat, and add 2 cups of cheddar, 2 cups of gruyere and ½ cup of parmesan to the Mornay sauce and whisk to create a gooey cheese sauce.
- Add about 2-3 tablespoon of pasta water to the sauce and stir well, then add the pasta and coat well until you get to desired consistency. Note: You might want to add or reduce the cheese based on your own preference for cheesiness!
- Add the remaining cheddar, parmesan and the bread crumbs to the top of the skillet and then pop in the oven to broil for 1-2 minutes. Keep a close eye to make sure it doesn't burn, but you do want it to get JUST close to burning. Tastes delicious!
- No garnishes are required, but if you do want to garnish, use some Korean red chili pepper (gochugaru) or red pepper flakes as well as fresh scallions for an herby note. Serve hot, hot, hot!
- Kimchi is traditionally not vegan (uses shrimp) - so make sure you find a kimchi brand that is marked vegan. I use Mother In Law's brand kimchi in this recipe!
- Pasta type: Any type of curly pasta works in the recipe. I've used Cavatappi since it has many folds and works great with the creamy, cheesy sauce. Macaroni, elbows, shells, all work in this recipe!
- Cheeses used: I use a combination of soft and sharp cheese (cheddar) + soft and mild cheese (gouda) and a crispy textured, salty cheese (Parmesan). You can swap the gouda with gruyere or fontina or even brie for milder flavors.
- Use mini cocottes for a great presentation if you have those on hand. But even if using a skillet, make sure to use a large enough skillet, so the pasta layer is no more than 2-3 shells deep. This ensures maximum cheesiness!
- To make this vegan: I've tested this recipe with vegan butter and cheese (specifically: Country Crock Plant Butter instead of regular butter, and either Follow Your Heart or Violife cheddar instead of regular cheddar, with the latter tasting a BIT saltier than the former).
Note: This recipe was originally published on February 17, 2020, and then updated on January 1, 2021 to include more detailed instructions and tips & tricks.